Ghana has a population of about 20 Mio. which is composed of around 40 tribes with just as many languages. The most important tribes include the Ashanti in the Ashanti Region with its regional capital Kumasi, the Fanti along the coastal area around Cape Coast, the Ga around Accra, the Ewe in the Volta Region and the Haussa in the North of Ghana. The most popular tribal language is Twi, the language of the Ashanti. The official language is English.
Ghana is about 700km long (North-South) and about 450km wide (East-West) – the length of its coast is 550km. With a total surface of 239.460 sqkm, Ghana nearly has the size of the old Federal Republic of Germany (West). The straight borderlines are due to political decisions during colonialism and were drawn at conference tables. They neither reflect natural nor cultural reality.
Ghana is the first country in sub-Saharan Africa that became independent of Great Britain after World War II. Kwame Nkrumah, an outstanding man of Africa, became the first president of Ghana in 1957.
His vita is extraordinary. In 1935, he made his way as a blind passenger on a ship to America. He studied political science at Lincoln and Pennsylvania University. After 10 years, he went to London where he founded the Pan African Congress together with other African personalities.
Two years later, he was called to Ghana and founded his own party with the motto "Independence Now".
In 1952, he built the first government of the Gold Coast, the colonial name of Ghana. It was only after independence that the country received its current name.
Nkrumah was always devoted to the independence and unity of Africa as a whole.
The statesman was overthrown in 1966 during a military coup and died aged 63 in exile.